We earlier proposed part 1 of 6 analysis of Dr A. Mebtoul, University Professor on the prevailing situation in Algeria shortly after the oil prices slump worldwide.
Here is Algeria’s last chance to go democratic ? Part II
‘No good economy without true democracy’ : A. K. Sen, Nobel Prize in economics
By Dr Abderrahmane MEBTOUL, International University Expert Professor
- Algeria has suffered too much of populism. A deeply rooted modernity in the middle class social space is cruelly lacking today to allow reforms, which is the only condition of sustainable growth to reduce unemployment and poverty. It is their rebirth and consolidation of their political, cultural and economic weight that will, through a sanitized, civil society to provide the support necessary for the success of the reforms. The reforms, be they economic or political, can receive also unexpected support and equally beneficial, social strata that are now effectively framed by organizational structures built for a long time from the anthropological and cultural facilities that are specific to the different regions of the country. For this purpose the confreric and / or tribal structures are vital for any political management and socio-economic framework that is pragmatic as well as fertile. Because, if the administrative organization of space being often a source of conflicts, competition between men, these live a more fruitful and harmonious relationship with their space which is not that of the administration as Hernando De Soto on “Rule of Law and the informal sphere” has demonstrated brilliantly in a collective work made under my direction – ‘Algeria before the challenges of globalization – perspectives 2010.” ‘good governance, democracy and market economy” (simultaneously in Arabic-French-English – Dar El Gharb 2004 Edition). Thus Customary Law is a common practice especially in real estate transactions not recognized by the State but recognized by citizens. One can speculate that it is the State that is lagging behind society that generates rules that allow it to operate. As compared with anthropological references this constitutes the ethno-financial ‘assabia’ that is being socially in evolution, meaning it is still in gestation which explains that the entrepreneurial spirit is low. Indeed, the accumulation of riches has followed the process of positioning of executives in sectors sensitive or even in the secondary economy and especially in the public domain. It is mostly from the accumulating wealth in this sector with the predominance of a quasi-annuity from hydrocarbons revenues and redistribution that has structured social classes in Algeria in a slow structuring process that is not completed to date. The control of the state pension schemes and of certain elected positions and / or appointments to key posts where candidates see them more of a way to grow and enrich themselves rather support the electorates. This kind of situation is to be considered in the analysis of the strategy of these actors (2).