Egypt’s 95% of populations live in the Nile delta and along its banks. The most heavily populated country of the MENA region that is like all countries of the Middle East going through rapid urbanisation has an issue of settlement of its population’s habitable space and yet not compromises its vital agricultural lands. Despite the successive governments trying to encourage the move towards some greened lands of the surrounding desert but in vain; fast going encroachments on Egypt’s state lands spread in those relatively small but habitable lands.
An article written by Jonathan Woetzel, Jaana Remes, Kevin Coles, and Mekala Krishnan and published on the McKinsey is reproduced here for its clear view on this very common issue of the Urban World and the demographic challenge. It goes without saying that cities in the MENA region would also be concerned about the same issues highlighted in here. Urban world: Meeting the demographic challenge in cities. The days of easy growth in the world’s cities are over, and how they respond to demographic shifts will influence their prosperity. Cities have powered the world economy for centuries. Large cities generate about 75% of global GDP today and will generate 86 percent of worldwide GDP growth between 2015 and 2030. Population growth has been the crucial driver of cities’ GDP growth, accounting for 58% of it [. . . ]
What path of development for the 2016 to 2030 Algeria ?
I would like to thank Mr Prime Minister for extending his kind invitation to me as an independent expert, to the Tripartite meeting of June 5th, 2016, where in its final resolution, it adopted the proposal of a follow-up Committee that I had already suggested back in November 2014 and which I recently renewed prior to the start of the tripartite. Algeria, Facing the fourth industrial revolution, and how to cope with its imminent upcoming, and during the meeting, the Prime Minister had a discourse of truth, avoiding both the free pessimism, as well as being lulled into complacency, reiterated that the country has, though subject to certain strict conditions, all potentialities out of the crisis.