Students and students’ parents in the Middle East have always had this fascination for taking up university studies in America, because in the eyes of many, it has the most prestigious, and possibly the most expensive higher education institutions. Harvard and Yale are for the Middle East as it is for anywhere else come first to the minds of all next generation of middle eastern young executives and thinkers to be.
This idealistic picture is unfortunately changing for the worst with the numbers of students registering falling year on year. Of course, the established campuses of the few US universities in the Middle East would certainly mean robbing some potential customers.
It remains however, that among students from the Arab world, the desire for an American education could neither be replaceable nor substituted locally. The very first English-speaking universities, “started by missionaries and intellectuals” in Egypt and Lebanon, are now well-respected, “almost iconic establishments,” explains the dean of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service in Qatar.
Brookings published this BROWN CENTER CHALKBOARD ‘s article written by Dick Startz, Professor of Economics – University of California, Santa Barbara
Sealing the border redux: American universities are losing international students
Wednesday, February 7, 2018
One year ago, I wrote on these pages: “If new border controls prevent the entry of foreign students, or simply makes them feel unwelcome so they go elsewhere, American jobs and American students pay the price.” I regret to report that we have now started down that path.
First, the fact: College enrollment of international students is down for the first time in a long time. The drop is large, but not overwhelming—at least not yet. We’ve seen a one-year decrease of about 30,000 students, which isn’t massive. However, Department of Education data suggests that foreign-student enrollment had risen consistently for the last 35 years. Here’s a picture based on NSF data. (A nice article in Inside Higher Ed gives more details.)
In the short run, losing international students is bad for what some might think of as a pretty crass reason: International students subsidize American kids because nonresidents pay higher tuition and receive less financial aid. This is especially true at public universities. For example, at the University of California—which is the world’s largest research university system—Californians pay about $14,000 in tuition and fees. International students pay more like $41,000—that’s roughly triple. And about a third of tuition is turned around and spent on financial aid, but almost none of that goes to international students. So the effective price difference is even bigger than list price would indicate.
The immediate effect of losing foreign students falls very unevenly across institutions. Unsurprisingly, international enrollments continue to climb at some universities (typically elite or flagship public universities), while international enrollments plummet at others (typically smaller, less prestigious institutions). The resulting budget cuts at the latter often hit in the areas that are already under the most financial stress, not necessarily the areas which attract the most international students. The New York Times writes, “At Wright State University in Ohio, the French horn and tuba professors are out. … At Kansas State, Italian classes are going the way of the Roman Empire.”
The immediate budget impact is bad, but I worry also about a longer-run, more serious problem. Bringing international students to the United States has two valuable way-down-the-road outcomes. One easy-to-see benefit is that we get to cream skim, keeping some of the best students in the United States. Just as an example, many tech-entrepreneurs came to the U.S. this way. Losing international students will harm the domestic economy in the long run.
rd launched in January 2013 as a weekly series of new analyses of policy, research, and practice relevant to U.S. education.
In July 2015, the Chalkboard was re-launched as a Brookings blog in order to offer more frequent, timely, and diverse content. Contributors to both the original paper series and current blog are committed to bringing evidence to bear on the debates around education policy in America.
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