The MENA region is made at 90% of arid lands with harsh climate. Arable lands have since time immemorial been receding before a desertification that is increasingly visual despite the commendable efforts to contain it and or even through operations such as Greening the world’s deserts. This gives a particular view on the engaged fight against desertification notably through turning desert lands into fertile productive agricultural lands. Such operations do apparently have ways unknown till now of affecting this ‘Living Skin of the Desert’ and the Environment.
Meanwhile, desertification is a worldwide phenomenon afflicting countries all over the world according to ecoMENA and the desert is making a comeback in the Middle East, with fertile lands turning into barren wastes. According to United Nation’s Development Program’s 2009 Arab Human Development Report, desertification is threatening around one-fifth of the MENA region.
In the aftermath of the COP21 of last December, it is felt that for the Agreement on Climate Change to bear fruits, many things need to be looked after. Numerous think-tanks, researchers and investors debated the risks related to a low-carbon world economy. These New Types of Stranded Asset Risks are, needless to say, as real for any part of the world as can be assessed at this stage. The MENA region although being the location of the world’s main fossil oil production and reserves grounds, does with respect to Climate Change, know similar faith.
As rightly elaborated on by NASA, “The Earth’s climate has changed throughout history. Just in the last 650,000 years there have been seven cycles of glacial advance and retreat, with the abrupt end of the last ice age about 7,000 years ago marking the beginning of the modern climate era — and of human civilization. Most of these climate changes are attributed to very small variations in Earth’s orbit that change the amount of solar energy our planet receives.” Or, is it only Small Variations in Earth’s Orbit, could it be something else like say, the Brexit referendum outcome ?